Ice Hockey – Types of Goals

There are many types of goals made by the players in Ice Hockey but the points awarded for each and every goal is the same.

  • Even strength goal − It is scored when both the teams are with six players each on the ice.

  • Short-handed goal (SHG) − It is made by a team during penalty kill played by a team with less number of players as a result of a penalty to the team players.

  • Power play goal (PPG) − It is hit by a team during power play which is played by a team with more number of players if one of the team players gets penalized.

  • Own goal − It is scored when a player shoots the puck into their net but point is awarded for the other team

  • Empty net goal (ENG) − It is scored when the goaltender is not guarding the net as result of substitution for an extra forward player.

  • Penalty shot goal − It is made during a penalty shot, between an attacking player and the other team goaltender as a result of a penalty.



In this game violation of rules results in a penalty either to a player or the team, affecting the whole play. When a player is imposed with penalty, the player needs to go to the penalty box and his team has to continue the play with five players on the ice for a certain amount of time. The penalties are being classified as major and minor penalties. Minor penalties usually timed for two minutes whereas the major penalties timed for five minutes depending upon the foul made by the players. The penalized team termed as “short-handed” on the other hand the team gaining from penalty is on a “power play.”

Minor Penalties

A two-minute penalty is imposed on a player when he blocks an opponent player by the following practices and no substitution is allowed on the ice and the penalized team is on short-handed play.

  • Kneeing
  • Hooking with the stick
  • Elbowing
  • Interfering another player who has no puck
  • Slashing with stick, holding with hands
  • Spearing with the hockey stick
  • More than six players on the ice
  • High sticking (hurting the opponent players head and face area)
  • Roughing (Physical fights of the players on the ice)
  • Cross checking (thrashing an opponent with stick)

A 4-minute double minor penalty is charged upon the player if the opponent player oozed out blood from the penalty injury. The penalty is said to end if the penalized team scores a goal during short-handed play.

Major Penalties

A 5-minute penalty is imposed on a player when he fights on the ice with the opponent player and no substitution is allowed. Usually major penalty is charged as an extension to minor penalty if the opponent has been totally and purposely injured in fights or hit on the head and face area.

Major Penalties